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Retinitis pigmentosa is a rare eye condition which causes the cells in the eye to break down thus making it tough for the eye to spot light. Patients with this condition often find it difficult to see things at night. Retinitis pigmentosa patients also find it tough to spot things at the side. This is called peripheral vision. People who suffer from this condition need to opt in for plastic surgery to correct their vision. To know more on how this can help you read more here.
The retina in the eye is light sensitive and it contains a number of cells including photoreceptors. Retinitis pigmentosa is usually a genetic disorder which is inherited from one generation to another. Genes in the human body carry instructions to build proteins which are needed for the eye. Changes or improper functioning of these cells could lead to Retinitis pigmentosa.
If any one of the partners suffers Retinitis pigmentosa, it’s important to consult a good doctor before you plan of having a baby. There is a 50% chance of a child inheriting this condition from their parents. Retinitis pigmentosa affects different people differently. While some people lose their central vision, others could lose just partial vision. Most Retinitis pigmentosa patients however, turn blind by the age of 40. Males are more prone to this condition in comparison to females.
Retinitis pigmentosa is a long term condition which does not act immediately. It takes a while for this condition to set in; however there are a few early signs that could help patients identify the problem at an early stage and opt in for treatment. Any person who has a history of Retinitis pigmentosa in the family should get their eyes checked regularly. Some of the initial signs of this condition include tunnel vision which means the ability to focus on objects and things in front of them, but the difficulty in looking at things placed at the side.